Republic Day of India (26th of January)

Republic Day of India, which is celebrated on the 26th of January every year, is counted as one among the three national festivals of India, other two being Independence Day (15th of August) and Gandhi Jayanti (2nd of October).

This occasion honors the date on which the constitution of India came into force on the 26th of January, 1950 replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India.

In spite of being passed by the Constituent Assembly of India on the 26th of November, 1949, the constitution of India was adopted on the 26th of January, 1950 with the democratic system of government, making the perfection of the transition of the country towards becoming an independent republic. The reason of selecting the date of 26th of January for this purpose was that it was the day in the year of 1930, when the announcement of the Independence of India (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress.

The major celebration of the Republic Day is held in the capital city of India, New Delhi, at the Rajpath before the President of India. On this occasion, the parades of the ceremony are held at the Rajpath to be performed as a tribute to India. Before the beginning of the parade, the Prime Minister of India offers a wreath of flowers as a tribute at the Amar Jawan Jyoti, a memorial to the unknown commandos at the India Gate at one corner of Rajpath, which is followed by the silence of 2 minutes in the memory of the unknown commandos. This tribute is like a solemn reminder of the sacrifice of the martyrs, who sacrificed themselves for the country during the movement of freedom and the next wars for the protection of the honor of their country.

Thereafter, the Prime Minister approaches the main Dais at Rajpath to join the other reputed people. Hereafter, the President comes along with the chief guest of the occasion. The bodyguards of the President escort them on horseback.

As since 1950, every year on the occasion of the celebrations of the Republic Day, India has been hosting the head of the state of another country as the state guest of honor in New Delhi.

For the coming occasion of the celebration of the Parade of the 66th Republic Day of India on the 26th of January, 2015, Mr. Narendra Modi (The Present Honorable Prime Minister of India) has invited Mr. Barack Obama (The Present Honorable President of U.S.A.) as an Honorable Chief Guest.

According to Mr. Ben Rhodes (The Deputy National Security Advisor), it is notable that Mr. Obama hasn’t attended any ceremony of a national day of any other countries.